Agate has the same chemical composition as quartz but instead of forming whole crystals, it has a microcrystalline structure. To be a true “agate,” the stone must exhibit a pattern or banding, otherwise it is considered chalcedony. Different varieties of agate include moss, tree, and lace. Much agate comes from Brazil where it is sometimes dyed vibrant colors. Other sources for beautiful agates include Oregon, Mexico, Botswana, and South Africa. Metaphysically, agate helps with emotional, physical, and intellectual balance.
Larimar is the trade name given to the sky-blue pectolite found only in the Dominican Republic and the Bahamas. When polished, the stone has a tracery of light veins against a blue background, like the patterns created by sunlight in a swimming pool. This gorgeous gem resembles turquoise, but with a subtle lighter variation in color. Metaphysically, Larimar is a nurturing stone that can assist in reducing self-defeating behavior.
Topaz occurs in a variety of colors, the most well-known being imperial (golden-yellow sherry) topaz, blue topaz and pink topaz. Blue topaz can occur naturally but is typically pale. Natural pink stones are rare, though yellow topaz from Brazil turns pink when heated. Topaz sheds light on “the path,” enabling one to “be” rather than “do.” Notable localities for gem-quality topaz include Brazil, Russia, Nigeria, Scotland, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Mexico, Colorado, Texas and California.
Pearl is a concretion formed by a mollusk and made up of the same material as the mollusk’s shell, principally the mineral aragonite. The shell may also contain small conchiolin, which together with aragonite produces nacre, or mother-of-pearl. The finest pearls are produced by mollusks whose shells are lined with mother-of-pearl, generally saltwater oysters and freshwater clams. The pearl is created when a foreign particle enters the mollusk and cells within the organism begin building up layers around the particle as a protective measure. Metaphysically, pearl is said to help balance body rhythms